Russian Numbers – 1 to 100 and Further

russian numbers
Linghe is a native Chinese speaker with a degree in English. She loves learning different languages and sharing her experience.

When learning a new language, the next thing you should do after learning the alphabet is probably to know how to count. Whether you wish to tell people about time, age, or ask for prices when shopping, remembering numbers will make things much easier. Learning numbers is also a quite independent process as all you need to do is to learning the vocabulary. So now let’s get started to learn Russian numbers!

Fortunately, Russian numbers are counted very logically. Unlike French which expresses “ninety-nine” as “four times twenty plus nineteen”, the Russian way of counting is much more predictable. Now you have another reason to nail down these words today!

Let’s dive in!

Russian Numbers 0 to 10

Russian numbers 0 to 10

Note that the form of один (“one”) and два (“two”) may change according to the gender of the corresponding noun.

masculine: один; два

один мальчик, два мальчика

feminine: одна; две

одна девочка, две девочки

neuter: одно; два

одно окно, два окна

Russian Numbers 11 to 19

Numbers 11 to 19 are also really easy. Simply add “надцать” behind the numbers 1 to 9. Note that some numbers may change a little (colored in red). The simple rule is that If a number end with “ь”, then “ь” should be omitted before adding “надцать”. For example, fifteen in Russian is “пятнадцать” instead of “пятьнадцать”

  • 11 – одиннадцать
  • 12 – двенадцать
  • 13 – тринадцать
  • 14 – четырнадцать
  • 15 – пятнадцать
  • 16 – шестнадцать
  • 17 – семнадцать
  • 18 – восемнадцать
  • 19 – девятнадцать

From this part, we don’t provide romanized pronunciation anymore, as you should have already covered this part in the alphabet part. If not, it’s strongly suggested to learn the Russian Cyrillic Alphabet and master its pronunciation before you learn anything deeper. If you don’t know where to start, LingoDeer is a great resource where you can master the fundamentals of Russian or level up your learning.

Russian Numbers 20 to 90

Once over 20, the Russian numbers are compounded very much like English ones. Simply add the number 1 to 9 after the tens.

  • 20 – двадцать
  • 21 – двадцать один
  • 22 – двадцать два
  • 23 – двадцать три

  • 30 – тридцать
  • 40 – сорок
  • 50 – пятьдесят
  • 60 – шестьдесят
  • 70 – семьдесят
  • 80 – восемьдесят
  • 90 – девяносто

You must have noticed the tens in Russian are also very easy to remember. 20 and 30 are pretty like number 11 to 19 (adding дцать), while 50 to 80 can be easily formed by adding десят. Only 40 and 90 are irregular.

Large Numbers 100 and above

100 in Russian is “сто”. And the hundreds also follow a pattern of ending with “сти”, “ста” or “сот”.

  • 100 – сто
  • 200 – двести
  • 300 – триста
  • 400 – четыреста
  • 500 – пятьсот
  • 600 – шестьсот
  • 700 – семьсот
  • 800 – восемьсот
  • 900 – девятьсот

Larger numbers from 1000 up in Russian are counted exactly the same way as English.

  • 1,000 – тысяча
  • 10,000 – десять тысяч
  • 100,000 – сто тысяч
  • 1,000,000 – миллион
  • 1,000,000,000 – миллиард

Now try to read 1348 (тысяча триста сорок восемь). Did you get it?

Here is a Summary of Russian Cardinal Numbers. Let’s review what we’ve learned!

Russian Numbers 0 to 1000 and further

Russian Ordinal Numbers

Now you’ve learned how to count in Russian. Let’s take a quick look at some ordinal numbers.

  • the first – первый
  • the second – второй
  • the third – третий
  • the fourth – четвёртый
  • the fifth – пятый
  • the sixth – шестой
  • the seventh – седьмой
  • the eighth – восьмой
  • the ninth – девятый
  • the tenth – десятый 

You may have noticed that ordinal number endings seem very similar to masculine endings of adjectives. That’s because they are! As such, the endings will change depending on the corresponding noun. For example, we use neuter endings with dates.

Date How it’s written in Russian How it’s pronounced
March 4 4 марта четвёртое марта

With years, it’s a different matter. The word “year” (год) is masculine, so we need to use masculine endings for its ordinal number as well.

Date How it’s written How it’s pronounced
March 4, 2022 4 марта 2022 г. четвёртое марта две тысячи двадцать второго года

But wait, you’ll say, this ending doesn’t look like -ый, -ий, and -ой we’re used to! The reason for that lies in the mystery of Russian noun and adjective cases. We will cover that in later articles 😉

Hope you enjoyed this one!

Let us know what you think in the comments.

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