HSK 1 Vocabulary 150 Words Full List

Hey Chinese learners, to help you study Chinese and pass HSK 1 successfully, we present you the full list of 150 words required to know to pass HSK 1.

HSK (Hanyu Shuiping Kaoshi or Chinese Proficiency Test) is a standardized Chinese proficiency test administered by Confucius Institute Headquarters (also known as Hanban). And HSK 1 is the easiest level among HSK 1 to 6.

The list below is summarized based on the International Curriculum for Chinese Language Education,  a book published by Hanban to for those who teach Chinese as a second language.

150 Chinese Words Tested in HSK 1

Word

Pinyin

Role

English translation
ài verb to love
numeral eight
爸爸 bà ba noun father
杯子 bēi zi noun cup
北京 běi jīng noun Beijing
běn measure word volume (of books)
不客气 bú kè qì verb you’re welcome
adverb no
cài noun dish
chá noun tea
chī verb to eat
出租车 chū zū chē noun taxi
打电话 dǎ diàn huà verb to make a phone call
adjective big, large
de auxiliary a subordinating particle that can be used to indicate possession
diǎn noun o’clock
电脑 diàn nǎo noun computer
电视 diàn shì noun television
电影 diàn yǐng noun movie
东西 dōng xi noun thing, stuff
dōu adverb both, all
verb to read
对不起 duì bu qǐ verb sorry
duō adjective many, much
多少 duō shao pronoun how many, how much
儿子 ér zi noun son
èr numeral two
饭店 fàn diàn noun restaurant
飞机 fēi jī noun airplane
高兴 gāo xìng adjective happy
measure word measure word
工作 gōng zuò verb & noun to work, job
gǒu noun dog
汉语 hàn yǔ noun Chinese language
hǎo adjective good, nice
verb to drink
conjunction and
hěn adverb very
后面 hòu mian noun back
huí verb to return
huì verb can, know how to
火车站 huǒ chē zhàn noun railway station
pronoun how many
suì measure word years, age
jiā noun home
jiào verb to call
今天 jīn tiān noun today
jiǔ numeral nine
kāi verb to open
kān verb to look at
看见 kàn jiàn verb to see
kuài measure word piece
lái verb to come
老师 lǎo shī noun teacher
lěng adjective cold
noun inside
líng numeral zero
liù numeral six
妈妈 mā ma noun mother
ma auxiliary question marker
mǎi verb to buy
māo noun cat
méi adverb not
没关系 méi guān xi verb it doesn’t matter
米饭 mǐ fàn noun rice
名字 míng zi noun name
明天 míng tiān noun tomorrow
哪儿 nǎ’er pronoun where
pronoun that
ne auxiliary particle used for suggestion
néng verb to be able to
pronoun you (singular)
你们 nǐ men pronoun you (plural)
nián noun year
女儿 nǚ ‘ ér noun daughter
朋友 péng you noun friend
苹果 píng guǒ noun apple
numeral seven
qián noun money
前面 qián mian noun front
qǐng verb please
verb to go
adjective hot
rén noun people
认识 rèn shi verb to know
noun day
sān numeral three
商店 shāng diàn noun shop
shàng noun above
上午 shàng wǔ noun morning
shǎo adjective few (not much/many)
什么 shén me pronoun what
shí numeral ten
时候 shí hou noun a point of time
shì verb to be
shū noun book
shuí pronoun who
shuǐ noun water
水果 shuǐ guǒ noun fruit
睡觉 shuìjiào verb to sleep
说话 shuō huà verb to say, to speak
numeral four
pronoun he, him
pronoun she, her
他们 tā men pronoun they, them
她们 tā men pronoun they, them
tài adverb too
天气 tiān qì noun weather
tīng verb to listen
同学 tóng xué noun classmate
pronoun I, me
我们 wǒ men pronoun we, us
numeral five
喜欢 xǐ huan verb to like
xià noun below
下午 xià wǔ noun afternoon
下雨 xià yǔ verb to rain
先生 xiān sheng noun mister
现在 xiàn zài noun now
xiǎng verb to think
xiǎo adjective small, little
小姐 xiǎo jie noun miss
xiē measure word a few
xiě verb to write
谢谢 xiè xie verb thanks
星期 xīng qī noun week
学生 xué sheng noun student
学习 xué xí verb to study
学校 xué xiào noun school
numeral one
衣服 yī fu noun clothing
医生 yī shēng noun doctor
医院 yī yuàn noun hospital
椅子 yǐ zi noun chair
yǒu verb to have
yuè noun month
zài preposition at
再见 zài jiàn verb good-bye
怎么 zěn me pronoun how
怎么样 zěn me yàng pronoun how about
zhè pronoun this
中国 zhōng guó noun China
中午 zhōng wǔ noun noon
zhù verb to live
桌子 zhuō zi noun table
noun Chinese character
昨天 zuó tiān noun yesterday
zuò verb to do
zuò verb to sit
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